Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic Kidney Disease

January 26th marks BIG RED BBQ Day. The day is aimed at raising funding to increase aware of Chronic Kidney Disease through education and research and well as providing essential support for individuals with CKD. So if you are having a BBQ on Australia head to BIG RED BBQ Day 2014 and donate.

Kidney disease occurs when the nephrons (filters) in our kidneys are severely damaged. This damage causes a build up of fluid and waste within our body. Around 1.7 million Australians (1 in 10) have signs of chronic kidney disease.

CKD (Chronic Kidney Disease) is known as the silent disease as there are often no warning signs. We can lose up to 90% of our kidney function without realisation. Initial warning signs may be things like tiredness ad itching, however as the disease progresses signs may include changes in the urine, nausea and loss of appetite.

Risk Factors

  • Aged over 60 years old
  • If you have diabetes
  • A family history of Kidney Disease
  • If you have existing heart problems
  • Having high blood pressure (hypertension) is a known contributing factor
  • If your BMI >30kg/m2
  • Being a smoker is also a heavy factor
  • Additionally, if you are of Aboriginal or Torres Straight Islander decent

You can go to QKidney and complete the questions to determine your risk of CKD.

Role of Exercise Physiologist

Individuals with CKD) have a low tolerance for exercise, particularly if undergoing dialysis. This is due to a reduced heart rate response  and leg fatigue. The primary goal of exercise interventions is to improve or maintain exercise capacity through improving the way in which the muscles of the lower limb take up and use oxygen. Research shows that aerobic exercise (such as walking and cycling) can improve oxygen capacity by 20-25%.

By improving these qualities in patients with CKD we can help to improve their quality of live through improved functional abilities, such as day to day walking and strength.

For more information regarding CKD head to Kidney Health Australia where there are is load of information.

References
Kidney Health Australia: http://www.kidney.org.au/
Durstine et al (2009). ACSM Exercise Management for Persons with Chronic Disease and Disabilities.
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